Tag Archives: eye care

Eye Care Tips on Holi!

7 Mar

Holi is almost here. Dry Holi colours known as ‘Gulal’ and wet colours or ‘Rang’ were originally prepared naturally from the flowers and vegetables. However with time strong colours, chemical and artificial colours are being used.

The eyes are extremely at risk during Holi because of the use of harmful chemicals in synthetic colours which cause eye irritation / allergies and even temporary blindness.

The use of eco-friendly natural colours like herbal ‘gulals’ are now popular due to such reasons.

Some Helpful and Safety Tips: 

  • Ensure that your eyes remain protected at all times.
  • Use sunglasses or protective eye wear to protect your eyes from coloured water.
  • Use a hat or cap to protect your hair from strong chemical dyes.
  • Apply a thick layer of coconut oil on your body and hair so that the colour doesn’t stick and it can be washed

off easily later. While washing off the colour, use lukewarm water and keep your eyes tightly closed.

  • If you are travelling, keep the car windows tightly shut. Better still; avoid travelling on the day of playing


  • For children use non toxic colours.
  Leads to What to do?

Contact with eyes and skin


Irritation of eyes & skin, pain, swelling, photophobia [sensitivity to light]


Wash eyes with room temperature clean water. Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed skin area thoroughly with soap and water.


If symptoms persist, see a doctor.


Eye injury with a high-speed balloon / stone


Severe injury, even rupturing the eyeball or causing a retinal detachment.


Do not attempt to clean the eye as the water may be contaminated and cause infection.


Shut the eye and rush to the nearest hospital.


Inhalation of the powders affects the respiratory tract


Irritation, cough or difficulty in breathing, bronchitis.


Move patient to fresh air. Administer oxygen if possible and assist ventilation as required.


If symptoms persist, see a doctor.


Encourage and motivate your friends to play a safe Holi this year!

Issued in public interest by Shroff Eye


About the Author:

Shroff Eye Hospital is India’s first eye hospital to be accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI), USA for excellence in patient care and health care delivery since 2006.


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Are You At Risk of Silently Losing Your Vision?

14 Mar

“Just like your Blood Pressure is checked regularly, the Intra Ocular Pressure or IOP should be checked for every person undergoing an eye examination to screen for an eye condition called ‘Glaucoma’ since it can occur in the absence of any symptoms.

Further, Persons With Family History of Glaucoma can undergo a sensitive test- SWAP Test which detects changes in eye when glaucoma is suspected well before the optic nerve shows the effects of Glaucoma”, says Dr. Anand Shroff, Glaucoma Specialist at Shroff Eye Hospital

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world, especially for older people. However, visual loss is preventable or can be stabilized with early diagnosis and treatment.

This disease is called the ‘Thief of Sight’ because it is painless, symptom less and irreversible. Therefore, persons with glaucoma are usually unaware of it until much loss of vision, especially the peripheral vision has occurred. In fact, half of those suffering damage from glaucoma do not know it!! Glaucoma damages the optic nerve because of high pressure within the eye, leading to defects in the field of vision. If the entire optic nerve is damaged, it results in irreversible blindness. Early detection and regular treatment are the keys to preventing optic nerve damage and blindness from glaucoma.

There are few conditions related to this disease that tend to put some people at greater risk. This may apply to you if:

a)   Someone in your family has a history of glaucoma, though not always necessary that it could be hereditary.

b)   If you are over 40 {could be earlier if you have a family member suffering from glaucoma} and have not had your eyes examined regularly by an ophthalmologist, not an optician.

c)    Near-sightedness {myopia}

d)   Any injury to your eyes

e)   Secondary to other ocular conditions (cataract, inflammations in the eye, tumours etc.}

f)     Long term medication {cortisone}. This holds for those who use eye drops injudiciously, particularly Pyrimon and other steroids, and repeat their prescription for red eye treatment with their chemists without consulting doctors. It is therefore, very important that youngsters who have contact lens-induced and other allergies, and those who repeatedly suffer from red eyes, to be very careful with their use of eye drops. They must visit the ophthalmologist urgently.

g)    Glaucoma is detected by regular eye examinations with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor).

You require annual examinations if you are at risk for glaucoma. Those with glaucoma need to have regular visual field tests done to monitor the progress of the disease. ‘Suspect’ cases with a family history of glaucoma may be required to additionally undergo a highly sensitive form of visual field analysis called short wavelength automated perimetry [SWAP], which detects changes in your eye well before the optic nerve shows the effects of glaucoma. It is also useful to monitor the progress of the condition.

The main treatment for glaucoma aims at reducing the pressure in your eye. Damage already caused by glaucoma cannot be reversed. Eye drops, tablets, lasers and surgical operations are used to prevent or slow further damage from occurring. There are different types of glaucoma, but with any type of glaucoma periodic examinations are very important to prevent loss of vision. Because glaucoma can irreversibly worsen without your being aware of it, your treatment may need to be changed from time to time during the periodic examination.

If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, the best treatment for you should be decided after a thorough examination and discussion with a glaucoma specialist.

Issued in public interest by Shroff Eye Hospital, Mumbai, India

India’s first LASIK Centre to launch the 500 Hz Wavelight Concerto laser India’s first Eye Hospital to be awarded the JCI- Joint Commission International certification (USA), the Gold standard of Healthcare Internationally.

Open your eyes…to a whole new world

Shroff Eye Hospital and LASIK Centre,

222 S V Rd, Bandra West,

Mumbai –400 050

Ph: 66921000/ 66939372/26431006

Shroff Eye Clinic,

Gobind Mahal, Marine Drive

Mumbai -400002

Ph: 22814077 / 22811863/ 22029242

LASIK Helpline: 98211-63901




YOR EYES IN THE SKIES: How to avoid eye problems while flying

3 Dec

Date: 3rd December 2010

Author: Dr Anand Shroff

About: Cornea and LASIK surgeon, Shroff Eye Hospital, Mumbai

Contact: Shroff Eye Hospital and LASIK Centre, 222 S V Rd, Bandra West, Mumbai –400 050 | Ph: 66921000

Shroff Eye Clinic, Gobind Mahal, Marine Drive , Mumbai -400002 | Ph: 22814077

LASIK Helpline: 98211-63901  | www.shroffeye.org |  www.lasikindia.in |  www.pathologylabindia.com

The dry air in the cabins of modern jets causes rapid evaporation of tears from the eyes surface. Without sufficient moisture the cornea, which is the transparent “watch glass” that lies over the iris (coloured part of the eye) can be deprived of oxygen and cause your eyes to become irritated.

There are many environmental reasons, which dehydrate the eyes’ tear film and cause dry eye symptoms. While most people think that this only occurs outdoor due to intense sunlight, many indoor conditions can be a much greater problem because of re-circulated air, artificial lighting, cleaning products, etc.

Symptoms of dry eye

  • Redness
  • Scratchy feeling in the eyes
  • Vision can get blurred

What makes symptoms worse?

  • Reading on the plane adds to the problem because you tend to blink less frequently when you read, leading to more evaporation of moisture from the eyes.
  • Wearing your contact lenses during a long flight can result in symptoms ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain.

This problem can occur with all types of contact lenses: hard, soft, gas permeable, or extended-wear due to less oxygen reaching the cornea. Dry air in the cabin evaporates the water from the contact lenses and contributes to the problem. Hence, if you are a contact lens wearer, it is better to wear spectacles in flight.

How can you avoid problems?

  • Put artificial tears or lubricating eye drops in your eyes during a flight as often as you feel they are necessary.
  • Airline personnel who wear contacts and have discomfort should always use these drops routinely.
  • It may be wiser to remove the contacts and wear your eyeglasses when flying.


  • Carry a spare pair of spectacles especially if you have high numbers.
  • Carrying your spectacle prescription may also be handy.
  • Most airports are equipped reading glasses for those above forty; also available are contact lens cases and solutions.
  • Speak to your eye doctor to prescribe you a simple and safe antibiotic eye drop in case of red eyes due to infection.
  • Avoid putting spectacles in pockets, as is commonly a habit, carry a pouch instead for safekeeping.
  • If you are escaping the summer heat and heading towards a snowy region, there is extra care you have to take as far as eyes go. Snow can blind you! So use good ultra violet protected eyewear.



  • Drink plenty of non-alcoholic, beverages. A glass of water every hour is good.
  • Put a pillow behind the small of your back to avoid backaches.
  • Take an occasional stroll around the cabin. This is especially for those who are overweight or have high-risk conditions such as high blood pressure. By moving around you will decrease the risk of deep venous thrombosis, which in simple terms is blood clotting in the lower limbs.
  • Bring a sweater or jacket – airplane cabins are usually cool.
  • Use lip-balm, moisturiser and eye-drops/contact lens lubricant to combat the effects of cabin dryness.
  • The relatively low air pressure in your aircraft can cause discomfort. If your ears bother you during takeoff and landing, try yawning, chewing gum or doing this: pinch your nostrils shut, inhale, close your mouth and try gently to blow your nose. Children should be encouraged to drink or suck on sweets especially during take- offs and landings.

If you have a cold, the dry air will make your sinuses feel worse. If you are taking medications, carry them with you in the cabin.  See your physician to rule out infection. Also, your fellow passengers will appreciate it because everyone is more susceptible to catching a cold in dry air than in moist due to the effect.

  • Always wash your hands as soon as possible after contacting surfaces in the public domain such as handrails, counter tops and doorknobs.
  • Use a hand sanitizer after washing and when soap and water are not readily available.
  • Comprehensive travel insurance is one of the best investments you can make when planning a vacation



In spite of your zealous efforts of doing and packing everything, having done your hair, nails and just about everything before taking off on your vacation, you still look “black-eyed” with deep black rings under your eyes and puffy lids!!  Blame it on ‘jet lag’!  Your regular internal clock is rather topsy-turvy at the moment. Disrupted eating pattern, bowel pattern and irregular and interrupted sleep pattern is why we get jet lag.



  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Don’t drink too much alcohol, as it tends to dehydrate your body.
  • Do stretching exercises in your seat to avoid cramped muscles.
  • Walk around the cabin during your flight, if possible.
  • Wear comfortable clothes and comfortable shoes.
  • Be well rested before you leave.
  • Make sure your pre-flight diet contains plenty of starch, carbohydrates and greens.
  • Arrange in-flight meals to reflect the time-of-day at your destination.
  • Set your watch to your destination time as you take off. Then start programming your body to it.
  • Allow a day for each time zone to get over the jet lag.

Medical option?

There is a drug called ‘Melatonin’ for jet lag problems. It is a hormone produced by the pineal gland in the brain. It helps to control the body’s sleep/wake cycle. By resetting the body’s internal clock, melatonin can treat the underlying cause of all jet lag problems, which is the disruption of the natural sleep/wake cycle. However, your physician should advise it.


Issued in public interest by Shroff Eye Hospital, Mumbai, India

India’s first Eye Hospital to be accredited by JCI- Joint Commission International (USA) for excellence in patient care and healthcare delivery.


Open your eyes…to a whole new world


3D Movies Cause Headaches – Shroff Eye Hospital Alert

18 Aug

Date: 18th August 2010

Author: Shroff Eye Hospital

About:  Shroff Eye Hospital is India’s First Eye Hospital that the Joint Commission International (International Division of JCAHO, USA) has given accreditation for excellence in patient care and health care delivery. Shroff Eye is also India’s first and only Wavelight Concerto 500 Hz LASIK center- The Worlds Safest and Fastest LASIK.

Contact: anand@shroffeye.org, www.shroffeye.org


It’s a headache? … While watching a 3D movie? … Rush for an eye check up!

The growing popularity of 3- D movies such as James Cameron’s “Avatar” has inspired many other films to follow suit. Even movies for children like “Shrek Forever After and Toy Story-3” are being made in 3-D. Not to forget the new 3D television sets introduced recently!

While new digital 3D technology has made the entire movie experience exciting, for some people with eye problems, a prolonged 3D session of focussing for 120 minutes or more on rich 3 D images may result in an aching head.

And, if it does, it could very well indicate an eye problem!

Why would a 3 D movie result in headaches?

For people with normal vision, this headache or disorientation after watching a 3 D film is usual because we have trained our eyes to see movies in 2 D. In 2 D films, we see images in one plane, so the focussing efforts of the eye are minimalistic. No strain, no headache!

However, 3 D images are stacked in front of or behind some other layer depending on what the filmmakers want you to see. Our eyes have a natural tendency to bring images which are closer or further away into focus. 3D camerawork frustrates this instinct. That translates into greater mental effort, making it easier to get a headache.

With 3D movies, people face an entirely new sensory experience.

To see the image in 3 D, you firstly need the image in each eye to be equally clear and then merge the slightly different images presented to each eye. Ultimately, it is what your brain is telling your eyes to do that gives you the headache by creating the extra workload. This is similar to doing long hours of work on the computer. Only, in the movies one cannot take a break, but the eyes and brain need to concentrate for longer. Under normal circumstances, this may not be an issue and may just be a temporary discomfort that one is able to overcome.

In the movie, you are meant to focus where James Cameron wants you to focus! That frame is ‘brought out, panned out or comes into focus’. So, if you start looking elsewhere, at a creature or an animal on the side, you cannot focus on it and this is what gives anyone a disoriented sometimes nauseous feeling. So, to avoid a headache you have to ‘go with the flow’.

Red Alert for Others

On the other hand, a long lasting headache, nausea, disorientation or complete inability to perceive 3 D images could well mean an eye problem, most being minor and treatable. People who do not have normal depth perception cannot see in 3D at all.

“If any person experienced headaches after watching 3 D films, I would not ignore this”, says Dr Shroff, of Shroff Eye Hospital, Mumbai. “It could be a red alert especially in case of children. This is like a ‘screening test’ for some eye conditions which often go undetected like anisometropia (unequal spectacle powers), strabismus (squint) or amblyopia (lazy eye). Many people with minor eye problems, such as a muscle imbalance remain undetected as our brain under normal circumstances adjusts naturally,” said Dr Shroff.  “Some conditions may be congenital, may develop later in life due to systemic diseases such as diabetes, thyroid conditions, myasthenia gravis or due to nerve palsies”.

What is the trick to avoid the headache?

Disregard your experience with 2D movies and stay focussed on whatever is right in front of you; that is what you should be paying attention to. By focussing too long on the background details is what triggers headaches and disorientation.

3 D Digital TV Technology

‘Avatar’ is a 3 D movie made carefully to reduce the earlier 3 D headache – inducing effects! Cameron designed this movie cleverly with smooth and slow moving images. Advanced moviemaking techniques were used to make the images easier on our brain and to allow the brain to keep up with the 3 D illusion.

However, as 3 D moves towards television, we suspect more viewers to have eye problems. Why? Because sports such as football which have quick movements will be even harder to stay focussed on and many more viewers are likely to be symptomatic!

Basically, people need to be aware that if they respond to 3 D in a different way than others, they need to get their eyes checked!

Open your eyes…to a whole new world!

Issued in public interest by Shroff Eye Hospital, Mumbai, India

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