Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the one of the most common cause of vision loss in people over the age of 50 years. Its prevalence increases with age. It is caused by the degeneration of the Macula, the central and most sensitive part of the retina at the back of the eyes.
The macula provides the sharp, central vision we need for reading, driving, and seeing fine detail. Macular degeneration refers to the breakdown of the macula. This disorder results in the loss of central vision only. Degeneration results from the partial breakdown of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE) that is the insulating layer between the Retina and the Choroids and acts as a selective filter to determine what nutrients reach the retina.
Elaborating on the symptoms of this disease, Dr Rahul Shroff, vitreo-retinal surgeon, Shroff Eye Hospital, Mumbai says “Some people with macular degeneration notice that straight lines such as electricity poles, the sides of buildings or streets, appear wavy.
Macular degeneration cannot be reversed. Its impact, however, can be reduced. Timely laser surgery and medications can be used to treat certain types of macular degeneration.”
Newer Treatments for ARMD
Anti-VEGF drugs block the trouble-causing VEGF, reducing the growth of abnormal blood vessels and slowing their leakage. THE RECENT DEVELOPMENT OF ANTI-VEGF MEDICATIONS HAVE BECOME AN EXCITING ADVANCE IN THE TREATMENT OF WET AMD. Bevacizumab (Avastin) and Ranibizumab (Lucentis) are two very useful drugs. Most patients will retain the vision they have and some will regain some of the lost vision after these treatments. These procedures may preserve more sight overall, though they are not cures that restore vision to normal. Despite advanced medical treatment, most people with macular degeneration still experience some vision loss. There should be no delay in taking the treatment advised by the retinal surgeon. Many older people develop macular degeneration as part of the body’s natural aging process. Exactly why it develops is not known, and no treatment has been uniformly effective. All the above treatments for ARMD are offered at Shroff Eye, Mumbai.
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Shroff Eye Hospital and LASIK Centre,
222 S V Rd, Bandra West,
Mumbai –400 050
Ph: 66921000/ 66939372/26431006
Shroff Eye Clinic,
Gobind Mahal, Marine Drive
Ph: 22814077 / 22811863/ 22029242
LASIK Helpline: 98211-63901
Shroff Eye Hospital is India’s First Eye Hospital that is accreditied by Joint Commission International (International Division of JCAHO, USA) for excellence in patient care and health care delivery. Shroff Eye is also India’s first and only Wavelight Concerto 500 Hz LASIK center- The Worlds Safest and Fastest LASIK.
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